Certified Officials, Referee and Jury of Appeal
A. GAMES COMMITTEE
The Masters Long Distance Running Sports Committee (MLDR) delegates much operational responsibility for their Championships to the Local Organizing Committee (LOC) while maintaining overall control as the Games Committee. The MLDR Championships Coordinator, the appointed MLDR Race Liaison and the Referee can assist the LOC and the Event Director to ensure that the Championship is conducted according to the Rules, Regulations and expected Championship standards set by USATF and the USATF MLDR Sports Committee. (See below: Rule 111)
RULE 111 - GAMES COMMITTEE
In Championship meets, the Games Committee shall be appointed by the sport committee or committees of USATF. This Committee shall be responsible for the correct conduct of the meet. It shall provide a place properly laid out and measured to conform to all the requirements of these rules, the appropriate sections of the IAAF Track and Field Facilities Manual and, shall also furnish all implements and equipment necessary for the satisfactory competition of the events scheduled in the official program, and shall have jurisdiction of all matters not assigned by these rules to the Referee or other officials. They may delegate operational responsibility for some or all of these areas to a Competition Director.
B. CERTIFIED OFFICIALS INCLUDING THE REFEREE AND JURY OF APPEAL
The MLDR Sports Committee in consultation with the local event director shall appoint competition officials, Referee(s) and members of the Jury of Appeal who comply with certification requirements. (See Regulation 18-J)
The MLDR Sports Committee may also choose to appoint National Technical Officials to assist the Referee if needed. (See Rule 115)
The Referee and Jury of Appeal members (suggest 3) must be USATF members, in good standing, preferably certified as a competition official at the national or master level. These are usually appointed directly by the MLDR Sports Committee. The local Event Director is consulted.
Other officials are assigned as needed by the local event director after consultation with the MLDR Championships Coordinator and/or the Race Liaison. It is strongly suggested that the local USATF Association be consulted in order to obtain USATF certified officials whenever possible. There are many factors in determining the necessary number of officials needed. The course layout, entry numbers, team scoring, timing procedures and weather can all impact the number of officials needed.
It is suggested that the local event director consult the MLDR Championships Coordinator, the appointed Race Liaison and the Referee for direction and assistance in this matter. (See Rule 110) Part C below of this document may also be helpful.
RULE 110 - MEET PERSONNEL
1. There shall be as many officials at a meet as are necessary for its orderly and efficient operation, and compliance with these rules. The size of the meet and the level of competition both play a role in determining the number of officials to be used at an event. In some cases, the number of officials conducting an event may be reduced significantly.
2. Officials assigned as competition officials should be those certified by the National Officials Committee of USATF.
3. Except for Competition Officials appointed in accordance with USATF Regulation 18-J, the Games Committee shall determine the number and appointment of Competition Officials including when and how the appointments are made.
5. The following officials and support personnel are recommended for the conduct of cross country and road events:
Referee(s), Jury of Appeal – (Note: appointed by MLDR Sports Committee)
Course Umpires, Starter, Course Recorders, Clerk(s) of Course, Chute Umpires, Chief Finish Judge, Chute Controller, Finish Judges, Competition Secretaries, Judges' Recorder, Marshals, Timers, Doctors, Timers' Recorder, Press Steward, Lap Counters
C. GUIDELINES FOR CERTIFIED OFFICIALS
1. USATF Long Distance Running Certified Officials should be used whenever possible. To obtain qualified local officials the LOC or the Event Director should consult the Officials Chairperson from the local USATF Association.
2. The Referee should be knowledgeable concerning the USATF Competition Rules and the MLDR Championship Guidelines. It is suggested that a National or Master Level USATF certified LDR Referee be appointed. For National Championships, the Referee shall be appointed by the appropriate governing sports committee Chairperson. (e.g., the MLDR Chair will appoint the Referee for all National MLDR Championships.) The sports committee Chairperson may consult with the Race Director and LOC in appointing the Referee.
3. A Jury of Appeal should be comprised of three or more individuals knowledgeable in the sport and having no vested interest in the event or allegiance to any competitor. Members of jury of appeal must be USATF members in good standing, preferably certified as a competition official at the national or master level. For National Championships, the Jury of Appeal shall be appointed by the appropriate governing sports committee Chairperson. (e.g., the MLDR Chair will appoint the Jury of Appeal for all National Masters LDR Championships.) The sports committee Chairperson may consult with the Race Director and LOC in appointing the Jury of Appeal.
4. Knowledgeable Inspectors to monitor the fair conduct of the race as described in Rule 243 may be assigned by the Event Director after consultation with the MLDR Championships Coordinator or the MLDR Race Liaison. Once again, to obtain qualified local officials the LOC or the Event Director should consult the Officials Chairperson from the local USATF Association. Depending on the length of the race, five (5) or more Inspectors should be appointed and assigned to randomly selected locations throughout the length of the course.
5. All inspectors and course officials in supervisory capacity should be given specific written technical instructions by the Event Director on the subjects of pacing and prohibited assistance. The National Track & Field Officials Committee's Officiating Long Distance Events: Road Races, Marathons and Cross Country is available at http://www.usatfofficials.com/training/index.html
6. The Starter (and Assistant Starter if necessary) should be USATF certified officials. The race should be started according to Rule 242.
7. The Clerk of Course (and Assistant Clerks as needed) should be USATF certified officials. The Clerk(s) will be responsible for the duties described in Rule 138 including team uniform inspection if applicable.
8. It is suggested that, if possible, all officials attend the Technical Meeting.
D. RULES AND REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO OFFICIALS
Regulation 18.J.2 - Selection of Officials, Referee and Jury of Appeal
2. LDR and race walking championships: The selection of competition officials and referees for national championships in long distance running and race walking shall be made by the applicable Sport Committee(s) in consultation with the local event director and comply with the certification requirements of Regulation 18-J-1b.
Regulation 18.J.1.b – Selection of Officials, Referee and Jury of Appeal
b. Selection: Competition officials for these championships shall be selected at the USATF annual meeting. A list of recommendations for referees and members of the juries of appeals may be submitted from the chair of the Officials Committee to the Men’s and Women’s Track & Field or Race Walk committees through National Office Management by November 15. Referees and, NTOs must be USATF members, in good standing, preferably certified as a competition official at the national or master level, who shall be selected by the chairs of the two Track & Field Committees, or their designees. Members of jury of appeals must be USATF members in good standing, preferably certified as a competition official at the national or master level, who shall be selected by the chairs of the two Track & Field Committees, or their designees. Other competition officials (excluding race walk judges and race walk referees) shall be recommended by a joint subcommittee after a review of the applications and approved by the chairs of each of the two Track & Field Committees, or their designees. The Sports Committee chairs shall present to the CEO a list of individuals selected as competition officials. The CEO shall have fifteen (15) days to accept the individuals, or to reject any of them for good cause. The Selection Committee or their designees shall select replacements for any rejected individuals and forward the names to the CEO. The officials selected shall be notified as soon as possible.
RULE 115 - NATIONAL TECHNICAL OFFICIALS
At the discretion of the Games Committee, National Technical Officials (NTOs) serve as assistants to the Referee to provide event oversight at major Championships.
RULE 119- JURY OF APPEAL
1. A Jury of Appeal composed of 3 or 5 persons, preferably certified officials, may be established by the Games Committees to consider appeals from decisions of or referrals from the Referee as to matters that develop during the conduct of the event. In instances where there is an appeal relating to Rule Race Walking, at least one member of the Jury should be a certified Race Walk judge as defined in Rule 230.1(e).
2. One of its members shall be the Chair. If and when it is considered appropriate, a Secretary, who may be a nonmember of the Jury, may be appointed. One or more alternates should also be named. Referees shall not serve as members of the Jury of Appeal. In no case shall any management personnel or competition official serve on a Jury of Appeal in considering any appeal where such person has previously performed an official function in respect of the matter being appealed. No member of the Jury of Appeal shall be present during any deliberations concerning an appeal that affects, directly or indirectly, an athlete affiliated with that member.
3. For National, Regional, and Association Long Distance Running and Cross Country Championship events and events sanctioned under Regulation 23-A or 23-B, a Jury of Appeal shall be appointed. For all non-championship long distance running and cross country events, a Jury of Appeal should be appointed, where feasible.
(a) The Jury of Appeal shall, as its sole function in matters resulting from a Referee decision, determine if the decision of the Referee or the Chief Race Walking Judge is based upon adequate evidence and within the scope of the authority given to such
person. If such determination is in doubt, the Jury of Appeal shall consult with all relevant persons and may consider other available evidence, including any available video evidence. The decision of the Referee or the Chief Race Walking Judge shall be
upheld unless shown to be clearly erroneous.
(b) For matters not the result of a Referee decision, the deliberations and actions of the Jury of Appeal shall be governed by Rule 125.
(c) The decision of the Jury of Appeal shall be final. There shall be no further right to appeal. The Jury of Appeal may, however, reconsider decisions if new conclusive evidence is presented. In Youth Athletics, only video designated as official by the Games Committee before the competition may be used.
NOTE: For appeal procedures, see Rule 146.8
RULE 125 - REFEREE
1. One or more Referees, as appropriate, shall be appointed for track events, for field events, for Combined Events, and for running and Race Walking events outside the stadium. The Referee for track events and for events outside the stadium shall have no jurisdiction over matters within the responsibilities of the Chief Judge of Race Walking events. See rules 230 and 232.
2. The Referee shall ensure that the rules and applicable USATF competition regulations are observed and shall decide upon any matters which arise during the meet, including any matter arising at competitor check-in, within the warm-up area and after the actual competition, including awards, and for which provision has not been made in these rules or any applicable competition regulation. The Referee for track events and for events outside the stadium shall have jurisdiction to decide placing in a race only when the Chief Finish Judge is unable to arrive at a decision. The Referee shall not act in a dual capacity but may take any action or decision according to the Rules based on personal observation.
3. A Track Referee when appointed to oversee the starts, is designated the Start Referee. The Start Referee has the authority to make a final decision on any facts related to the start of a race where there is disagreement with a decision of the Starter. This authority is not granted in cases when the start involves the ‘commencement of a start’ coupled with an illegal reaction time detected by a false start detection apparatus, unless, for any reason, the Referee determines that the information provided by the apparatus is obviously inaccurate or not fully considered in the determination of the rule violation.
4. The decision of the Referee in all matters shall be final and without further right to appeal except in those meets or events for which a Jury of Appeal has been established for that special purpose.
5. To arrive at a fair decision, the Referee may consider any available evidence which the Referee thinks necessary, including a film or picture produced by an official videotape recorder, or any available video evidence.
NOTE: For Youth Athletics exception see Rule 119.4c.
6. To assist the Starter in races using crouch starts, a false start detection apparatus may be used. When such an apparatus is used, the Starter, or an assigned Recall Starter, shall wear headphones in order to hear clearly acoustic signals that are emitted to indicate the orderly operation of the apparatus and to indicate an illegal reaction time.
7. The appropriate Referee shall check all final results, shall deal with any disputed points and where there is no Measurement Judge (electronics), shall supervise the measurements of record performances. At the conclusion of each event, the official competition results shall be completed immediately, verified by signature if possible by the appropriate Referee or designee, and delivered to the Competition Secretary.
8. In the event of record performances, the appropriate Referee shall certify the result and duly note such on the appropriate form.
9. A Referee shall have the authority to warn any competitor for acting in an unsporting or improper manner. Warnings may be indicated to the competitor by showing a yellow card, exclusions by showing a red card. Warnings and disqualifications shall be entered on the results card. Those warnings and disqualifications decided by the Referee shall be communicated to the Competition Secretary and to the other Referees.
10. For road events, the Referee shall, wherever practicable, give a warning prior to disqualification. See Rule 243.4.
11. If, in the opinion of the appropriate Referee, circumstances arise at any meet such that justice demands that any event or any part of an event should be contested again, except as indicated in the authority of the Starter, the Referee shall have authority to declare the event or any part of an event void and that it shall be held again, either on the same day or on some future occasion, as the Referee shall decide.
12. The Combined Events Referee shall have jurisdiction over the conduct of the Combined Events competition. This Referee shall also have jurisdiction over the conduct of the respective individual events within the Combined Events competition. However, the track and field event Referees shall retain jurisdiction over the conduct of the respective individual events within the combined events competition if there is no Combined Events Referee.
13. The order of events stated in the official program shall not be changed, nor shall the announced arrangement of heats in any event be added to or altered, except by the Referee.
14. The Referee shall have the power to cancel or postpone to a future date any event, even though the same has actually commenced, if in the Referee’s judgment the competition cannot be conducted or completed in a satisfactory manner and in fairness to the competitors and officials. Should any event have actually commenced, it shall be conducted (by the competitors who reported on the first date) at a future date in the same manner as though the competition had never been started. In events where any competitors have been eliminated, the Referee shall determine whether any such athletes may compete on the postponed date and at which point or round the competition should commence.
Rule 242 – THE START
5. The races shall be started in accordance with Rule 162.5, including the use of a cannon, air horn or like device. The commands and procedures for races longer than 400m, Rule 162.8, shall be used. The method of starting to be used must be explained prior to the start in such a manner that all participants will receive and understand the information. The athletes shall assemble on the start line in the manner determined by the organizers. In races which include a large number of competitors, a five-minute, three-minute and one-minute warning before the start of the race should be given. False starts in road races should not be recalled.
6. The Starter shall report to the Referee any misconduct by any competitor(s) at the start. The
Referee shall have the authority to disqualify such competitors.
7. In events using transponder timing, all mats at the start shall be placed before the measured starting line.
Rule 162 – THE START
5. All running events shall be started by the report of a pistol or approved device fired upward. The starting device should be held to provide a background against which the flash/smoke is clearly discernible.
(a) Where a pistol is used, it should be of not less than .32caliber, with black powder shells giving a distinct flash/smoke.
8. I n races longer than 400 Meters, all starts shall be made from a standing position. Each competitor must, after the “on your marks” command, assume a position behind the start line. After the Starter has ascertained that all competitors are steady and in the correct starting position, the pistol/starting device shall be fired.
E. SAMPLE JURY OF APPEAL INSTRUCTION CARD
MASTERS LONG DISTANCE RUNNING NATIONAL CHAMPIONSHIPS
JURY OF APPEAL – Duties and Responsibilities
The Jury of Appeal is established by the Games Committee to:
Consider appeals from decisions of the Referee, or
Consider referrals from the Referee as to matters that develop during the conduct of the meet.
In matters resulting from a Referee decision, the sole function of the Jury of Appeal shall be to:
Determine if the decision of the Referee is based upon adequate evidence, and
Determine if the decision of the Referee is within the scope of the authority of the Referee.
If such determination is in doubt, the Jury of Appeal shall consult with all relevant persons and may consider other available evidence, including any available video evidence.
THE DECISION OF THE REFEREE SHALL BE UPHELD UNLESS SHOWN TO BE CLEARLY ERRONEOUS.
For Jury of Appeal - see Rule 119, For Appeal Procedures – see Rule 146.8,9